Birth Control Methods

Birth Control Methods

The Diaphragm (vaginal barrier contraception)

The diaphragm is a round rubber dome that fits inside a woman’s vagina and covers her cervix. It must be used with spermicide (a sperm-killing cream or jelly).

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The IUD (intrauterine contraceptive device)

The IUD is a small, plastic device that is inserted by a physician / practitioner and left inside the uterus. Although there have been several types of IUDs, currently only two are available in the United States.

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The Pill (oral contraceptives)

Combined oral contraceptives are commonly known as “the pill”. They contain two man-made hormones called estrogen and progestin. The various brands of pills differ ONLY by the amount of estrogen in each pill and by the type and amounts of progestin.

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The Morning After Pill (emergency contraception)

Emergency contraception more commonly known as “the morning-after pill” is two large doses of hormones, similar to the ones in the birth control pill.

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The Injection (depo-provera)

Depo-Provera is a progestin-only injectable form of birth control given by your health care provider every 3 months. It is injected into either your upper arm or buttocks.

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Tubal Ligation (surgical sterilization)

Tubal ligation is a surgical form of sterilization. It is a permanent form of birth control. During the surgery, the fallopian tubes are blocked; this can be done by tying, sealing, or attaching a ring or clip to them.

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